|AquariusRadar||Tornado and Hail Suppression|
|Snowpack Enhancement||Hail Suppression by AquariusRadar is possible with several mobile AquariusRadars stationed along a forecast severe thunderstorm line in advance of the storms approach. The typical plains thunderstorm that would produce hail is tens, perhaps hundreds of times, as powerful as the smallest rain shower. Because the energy ratio of storm to microwave power is so large, operating a single AquariusRadar on such a large storm may have negligible effect . Nonetheless, if multiple AcquariusRadars were employed, the adiabatic leverage would be sufficient to temper developing storms during early growth and delay the hail and damaging winds and could afford hail damage protection to a limited area. Given a good forecast track based upon NexRad data, the AquariusRadar (mobile MPS-36 type) would be re-positioned and stationed in the crop area to intercept a predicted line of storms. Caution must be exercised in the vicinity of airports and avoid the mature storms as the added impact upon extreme down draft microburst winds could be damaging. The range of the AquariusRadar is about 40 miles; 20 miles as the storm cell approaches and 20 miles as the cell moves away. The radar would be re-positioned each day to the predicted maximum hail potenial location. Multiple radars would be required to "hop scotch" locations in order to cover a full day's track of a typical storm system. As harvest crews follow the ripening grain from south to north, so to would mobile AcquariusRadar, in an attempt to limit crop damage.||NOAA/NWS|
|Ideal Candidate||ARS/USDA||Where cloud seeding operations are employed, AquariusRadar works in concert with the seeding effort. AquariusRadar limits the growth of the thunderstorm over the crop field from the very earliest developement and cloud seeding is used to bring down the moisture as rain in a nearby competing thunderstorm over an area already harvested. The operation on early developing storm cells is compliant with the basic concept of chaos theory.....that small but very early changes to the environment of dynamic non-linear sytems result in large changes in the mature stage. The microwave heating effect is small but is not considered a "strange attractor", as it hinders growth and it can be measured. The fractal nature of a head of cauliflower and a booming cumulonimbus are similar in that the early environment determines the mature form. Update June 2012: The Dallas metroplex was pounded by hailstones the size of peaches; damage estimates as high as 200 million $dollars. Had the Dallas Emergency Management been able to call upon Mobile Aquariusradars, operated by the Corp of Engineers, the city could have saved rooftops and vehicles and millions in insurance premiums for City residents.
April 2015- Massive tornado hits northern Illinois.Aquariusradar, set up in advance in the watch box areas could have tempered the massive tornado or eliminated it completely if early radiation on the developing storm had been done. Microwave energy, directed at the storm base, slows the storm development.
|Cloud Seeding Augmentation|
|Southern California Operations||Could AquariusRadar prevent tornados? None of the existing mobile radars have sufficient power to impact the huge storms that generate tornados. But several radars working in concert under the direction of a state agency could lessen the chances of tornados. These would be special truck mounted storm-buster radars. They would surround and track the tornado storm cell, much like todays storm-trackers do as they film tornados. Except the stormbuster radars would be radiating the microwave heating energy as they rolled, decreasing the storm cell's capacity to generate a tornado. Today's high tech gadgetry, wireless communications and GPS, would allow the continuous radiation focused on the mega-thunderstorm base from multiple stormbuster mobile radars. Emergency management agencies of metropolitan areas in the plains states and the southern states could operate larger fixed position multiple AquariusRadars to quell potential tornado generating thunderstorms as the storms approach the city. Lives could be saved and millions in property damage would be prevented.||Farmers use hail cannon to protect crops. The energy of the focused sonic blasts produced by the cannon is ultimately dissipated as heat in the region of the thunderstorm base. This heat is absorbed mainly by water molecules making them less likely to condense and release the latent heat of vaporization that makes thunderstorms grow. The growth of the storm is held in check, just as microwave heating checks the storm to a rain maker without hail. Weather experts don't believe sonic hail cannons work, yet farmers are spending millions for them each year. Manufacturers of hail cannon continue to make and sell them without fear of litigation. Scientists point out that booming lighting thunder doesn't prevent hail, but fail to mention that the thunder boom moves away from the lightning strike as a three dimensional 360 degree sphere and covers hundreds of times the area of the cannon. It's not focused and concentrated as the cannon boom is. A single cannon can only protect about 100-200 acres while a single mobile AquariusRadar could protect tens of thousands of acres and be much more cost effective. The noise pollution associated with the cannon would be eliminated.|
|Gulf of Mexico Operations||Microwave heating of thunderstorms can reduce the intensity of the mega-storms and potentially prevent tornados.|
|Frequent Questions||Update May 2012: Joplin and Tuscaloosa continue recovery from devastating tornados. But no progress by Emergency Management in finding ways to prevent tornados! Will another monster tornado destroy a US city before EM takes action? Would EM take action is the better question! Update May 2013: Moore, Oklahoma flattened by EF 5 tornado. No action by Emergency Management to find ways to lessen the power of devastating tornados.||The National Weather Service is not chartered to change or moderate the weather. But Emergency Management is sanctioned to prevent death and destruction caused by weather. The ACE controls rivers to prevent flooding. We can't change the weather but why not moderate the weather to our advantage? The modern Emergency Management Agency has the technical staff familiar with GPS, severe weather radar prediction applications, and radio communications to operate the Aquariusradar; no special job position is required. Firefighters, police, or any number of governmental utility positions simply change hats during severe wearther periods. Maintenance and repair of the Aquariusradar would be contracted out by the governmental body to speciality firms.|