AquariusRadar A Test Proposal for Georgia and Florida
A test of the AquariusRadar concept could be conducted on the Gulf coast with the co-operation of the U. S. DoD. This test will demonstrate that the heating of clouds with microwave energy does in fact affect local weather. Keep in mind that AquariusRadar can inhibit natural rainfall when it operates in a continuous and indiscriminate mode. The powerful DoD radar that operates in NW Florida, as described on the RadarRainshadow pages, decreases rainfall in the downwind counties of the Florida panhandle and neighboring counties in Georgia's Southeast corner. No one wants their weather modified if they are unsure of the outcome (see Project Whitetop). The responsible Florida and Georgia Water Commissions can, however, permit weather modification programs. A well designed software beam control program that "skips over" potential rain bearing storms can mitigate the negative effect without interferring with the radar's DoD mission. This page is designed to spark the interest of a Tri-State Chattahoochie/Apalachicola plan member agency to sponsor the grant application. So what would 5 year grant for testing cover?
The basics of a hypothetical funding grant follows:

-Purpose......Demonstrate Increased rainfall in Jackson and other downwind counties
...................by mitigating the negative mode of the AquariusRadar concept.
-Personnel Funding
--BS............FT/ salaried co-ordinator 56K/yr for 5yrs............280K
--PhD Earth Physics--PT/ GTRI principal investigator(PI) for 5yrs.....200K
--Physics-------PT/ GTRI post graduate assistant to the PI.......100K
--Computer/IT---Pt/ GTRI post graduate assistant to the PI.......100K
--Software Devlope-----Pt/ GS programmer for FPS85 operate.......60k
--Software develope----PT/ GS programmer for FPS85 operate.......60K
--Software develope----PT/ GS programmer for FPS85 operate.......60K
Hardware Funding
--Eglin AFS hi-speed commercial link for WSR88 data(NexRad).... 10K
--GTRI Atlanta campus commercial link for WSR88 data...... 10K
--TITAN Weather WSR88 Data Processing Software(2 copies).............165K
--Downwind Florida rain gauges with auto reporting........................20K
--Georgia counties rain gauges with auto reporting.............50K
Travel Expenses
---Co-ordinator.........................4K/yr.........................20K
---GTRI PI..........................2K/yr.........................10K

Total expenses.................................................... 1.135M

Tri-State River Coalition grant.........................................................620K
US Dept. Agriculture match.........................................................200K
Bureau of Reclamation match..............................................120K
DoD match................................................................Unk
US Army Corp. of Engineers match................................200K
Total grant funds...................................................1.140M

Operational Test scenerio:
The Eglin, AFS FPS85 radar(the AquariusRadar) changes it's normal operation to the mitigation operation by skipping over selected rain cells approaching the Emerald Coast region as determined by the Titan software NexRad data vectors. See the Radar Rain Shadow map for an guesstimate of the coverage. The vectors must indicate that the cell will pass within the zone of coverage of the radar. Further, the radiation of energy upon the rain cell can only be skipped over when the downwind rainfall is below the historical average. No mitigation is required during above normal wet periods. The period of mitigated operation will end when the NexRad data indicates the rain cell(s) are no longer within the zone of coverage. The TiTAN Rainfall data for all areas will be recorded. After passing out of the radar coverage zone, the cell vector will be extended as far as the software will permit to determine which of the regional WSR88 data flows provide the best coverage; NW Florida, Fort Rucker, Tallahassee, or Moody AFB. The mitigation software merely increases the radar beam upwards by small angles in order to "skipp over" the rain bearing cell. Only the cloud base or area of rapid condensation need be skipped; microwave energy directed at the main cloud top has no impact.The GTRI principal investigator will compile rainfall data from the Titan recordings, availalable reports from the Florida and Georgia Forestry reporting stations, the Northwest Florida Water Conservation district, CoCoRAHS network, and installed auto gauges on beach points in Okaloosa, Walton, and Bay Counties and determine if there is a correlation between the upwind rain amounts, over water and on the beaches, and the amounts for the downwind counties of Florida and Georgia over the 5 year term of the test.
The powerful radar in Northwest Florida is similar to this one, except bigger. Public domain DoD photo.









































Flood gauges on the lower Chattahoochie, lower Flint, Chipola, and Lake Seminole can also be included in the data to find if water transfer from the coast is occuring at a rate above the past period of the radar's operational life(approx. 35 yrs).
Hydrology Concept email me better yet, e-mail your state legislator or Congress person and ask what they are doing to alleviate water shortages and resulting Tri-State WATER WARS. This AquariusRadar test, mitigating the negative mode, can only be performed during below normal rainfall periods. The downwind counties in NW Florida and Southeast Georgia will benefit as well as the lower Chattahoochie/Flint/Appalachacola system. As a result, more water will be available for users in the upper river systems. USDA photo.
Radar Rain Shadow Fixed sites, regardless of the number of radars, are limited by the time of the storm system's passage. The optimum utilization is the shipboard AquariusRadar operating in it's positive mode as shown on the Gulf Coast Operations page, which can operate upon a single storm system for many hours, sometimes days. These operations would occur during below normal rainfall and drought periods. The mitigation mode for the powerful DoD radar would be used to insure transport of the moisture inland. A similar test DoD radar is located in Northern California. The study there would involve improvements in the mountain snowpack.
Rain Shadow Map The Principal Investigator(PI) could be recruited from among many Georgia and Florida universities. Georgia Tech Research Institute is illustrated here as they have the most extensive radar experiance and DoD contact knowledge. The co-ordinator could be a state employee, Tri-State Conservation Coalition member employee, or an ACE employee. The normal activity for this radar is all weather 24/7 so that interference with thier normal schedules by the AquariusRadar test must be minimized. The overtime for radar programmer/operators is included in the budget as many operations will be at irregular hours requiring they monitor the NexRad data and switch the mitigation software in or out as required.
Hail Suppression The entire effort is dependant upon the DoD sharing the Eglin AFS radar's time for a civilian test. While maintenance costs are a consideration, these radars operate for hundreds of hours without failure of major components. Beyond the scope of the grant, the controlling state agency( the Energy Commision) and the DoD would have to draw up a memorandum of agreement outlining the operations during the period of the test.
Southern California Operations
Gulf of Mexico Operations
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